Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Crenicichla: Latin, crenulatus = cut, clipped + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335); hadrostigma: Name from Greek ‘hadros’ meaning well-developed and ‘stigma’ for spot, mark, refers to the prominent post-temporal spot, which is diagnostic of the species; an adjective.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Uruguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75870)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species readily distinguished from all its congeners by possessing a conspicuous ocellated posttemporal spot, which is always greater than half orbital diameter, often equal or larger than orbital diameter (vs. smaller or absent); it differs from C. igara and C. jurubi, by the absence of numerous spots scattered over the back and sides (in both sexes), and by the presence, in males, of 11 to 16 narrow vertical single or double-bars across the sides from just below the first spine of dorsal-fin to the first and second or fourth and fifth soft ray of the same fin (vs. 5-7 elongate dark blotches varying in appearance, the narrow vertical bars can occur in C. tendybaguassu, C. minuano and C. missioneira); it differs from C. tendybaguassu by the normal (vs. greatly thickened) lips. The isognathous mouth distinguishes this species from C. missioneira which has the lower jaw longer than the upper jaw; distinguished from C. minuano and C. celidochilus by the absence of a lateral band (vs. present) (Ref. 75870).
Stomach contents of one female specimen (9.32 cm SL, MCP 40176) contain aquatic insect larvae; while another female specimen (MCP 22036) was removed from the stomach of a Salminus brasiliensis specimen (Ref. 75870).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lucena, C.A.S. de, 2007. Two new species of the genus Crenicichla Heckel, 1840 from the upper rio Uruguay drainage (Perciformes: Cichlidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 5(4):449-456. (Ref. 75870)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .