Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Crenuchidae
(South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335); nupelia: Named for Nupélia (Núcleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia, Ictiologia e Aqüicultura), in recognition of its role in the survey and ecological research of the fish fauna from the Manso Reservoir region, which led to the discovery of this species.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: tributary streams of Rio Cuiabá, upper Rio Paraguay basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75787)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 33. Belongs to a group of species, including Characidium xavante, distinguished uniquely by having high number (12-18) of dark, vertical bars on the body, each bar having the width of a scale. Differs from Characidium xavante by a greater number of scales
around the caudal peduncle (12 vs. 10), narrower interorbital region (interorbital distance 20.5-28.6 vs. 30.1-38.0% HL) and deeper caudal peduncle (caudal peduncle depth 46.2-57.8% vs. 35.4-44.9% HL). Additional conspicuous external characters which are not unique but are
useful in the identification of this species include absence of adipose fin, incomplete lateral line, and presence a dark blotch on the caudal peduncle (Ref. 75787).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
da Graça, W.F., C.S. Pavanelli and P.A. Buckup, 2008. Two new species of Characidium (Characiformes: crenuchidae) from Paraguay and Xingu River Basins, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Copeia 2008(2):326-332. (Ref. 75787)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00295 - 0.01778), b=3.08 (2.87 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .