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Chromis xouthos  Allen & Erdmann, 2005

Yellow-brown chromis
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Chromis xouthos   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chromis xouthos (Yellow-brown chromis)
Chromis xouthos
Picture by Erdmann, M.V.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  xouthos: Name from Greek 'xouthos' meaning yellowish-brown; refers to the overall coloration.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 12 - 50 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Maldive Islands and Chagos Archipelago to off the Andaman Sea coast of Thailand; and Indonesia; probably Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Mergui Archipelago, off Myanmar.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75747)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 11 - 12; Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished by the following characters: DXIII,12; A II,11 (rarely 12); pectoral rays 19 (rarely 18); spiniform caudal rays 3; tubed lateral line scales 16-17; gill rakers 6-7 + 19-21 (total, 26-28); body depth 1.9-2.0 in SL; colour when alive is mainly golden brown with yellowish caudal fin and pale bluish-grey pelvic fins (Ref. 75747).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is usually encountered in clear water over coral reefs at depths between about 12 and at least 45 m. Habitats include both gradually sloping bottoms and steeper drop-offs, but in the former case it was restricted to depths greater than 20 m in the vicinity of isolated, small patch reefs. Generally, this species forms aggregations ranging from just a few fish to at least 20-30 individuals, feeding on plankton up to several meters above the bottom. The fish retreat to caves, crevices, and ledges when approached closely by divers (Ref. 75747). Life history characteristics for the family specify that this species is oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Life history characteristics for the family specify that this group is oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Allen, Gerald R. | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann, 2005. Chromis xouthos, a new species of damselfish (Pomacentridae) from the East Andaman Sea and Central Indian Ocean. Aqua, J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 10(3):89-94. (Ref. 75747)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00811 - 0.04082), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .