Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Torpediniformes
(Electric rays) > Narcinidae
Etymology: Benthobatis: Greek, benthos = depth of the sea + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335); yangi: Named for Hung-Chia Yang, Taiwanese Fisheries Research Institute in Kao-Hsiung.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal. Temperate, preferred ?
Northwest Pacific: Taiwan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 19 - 21.5 cm
Max length : 21.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75959)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from all its congeners by the following unique set of characters: both dorsal and ventral surfaces dark brown to purplish-black, with irregular whitish blotches ventrally; narrow nasoral region, with relatively small mouth, slender jaws and shallow circumoral groove; relatively small spiracles; very narrow gill-slits; the second dorsal fin is slightly larger than first, with more slanted anterior margin, broadly rounded apex, and convex posterior margin; low caudal fin, relatively elongated; interdorsal distance greater than distance between second dorsal and caudal fin; suprascapula very narrow and not arched posteriorly; males sexually mature between 19.1-21.5 cm TL; relatively high number of caudal vertebral centra (38-46), total vertebral centra (116-120) (Ref. 75959).
Stomach contents include mud and the partial remains of an unidentified polychaete worm, plus unattached polychaete bristles and unidentified small white objects (Ref. 75959).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
de Carvalho, M.R., L.J.V. Compagno and D.A. Ebert, 2003. Benthobatis yangi, a new species of blind electric ray from Taiwan (Chondrichthyes: Torpediniformes: Narcinidae). Bull. Mar. Sci. 72(3):923-939. (Ref. 75959)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00388 - 0.02958), b=2.86 (2.62 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .