You can sponsor this page

Hemigrammus parana  Marinho, Carvalho, Langeani & Tatsumi, 2008

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Hemigrammus parana
Hemigrammus parana
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335);  parana: Named for the type locality river, the rio Paraná, originating after the confluence of the rio Grande and the rio Paranaíba, where this species occurs.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 74938).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil in the area of influence of the Ilha Solteira reservoir, upper Paraná system, throughout margins of rio Grande, rio Paraná, rio Paranaíba and rio São Jose dos Dourados.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 74938)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal soft rays: 21 - 23. Distinguished from all other species of Hemigrammus, except Hemigrammus levis, by lacking a humeral spot and the presence of a conspicuous black spot, restricted to caudal fin, roughly triangular or rectangular, extending from base to tip of middle caudal-fin rays (its greatest depth at base of caudal-fin rays). Can be differentiated from Hemigrammus levis by the following characters: anal fin with 18-23 (mode 21) unbranched rays (vs. 16-18); largest tooth of the inner row of premaxilla and dentary with 5 cusps (vs. 7-9); anterior portion of longitudinal band as a broad uninterrupted pigmented area (vs. anterior portion of longitudinal band with a small round concentration of chromatophores at humeral region, surrounded by unpigmented areas anterior and posteriorly); distance of snout to anal-fin origin 58.6-65.9% SL, mean 62.0% (vs. 63.7-73.9% SL, mean 68.8%); anal base length 25.1-32.5% SL, mean 29.2% (19.3-24.7% SL, mean 22.0%), upper jaw length 39.6-48.3% HL (vs. 34.3-39.5% HL) (Ref. 74938).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This fish is abundant in backwater margins from 0.3 to 1.3 m depth where it occurs in association with Poaceae and macrophytes (Ceratophyllum sp., Egeria densa, Eichornia spp., Ludwigia sedorde and Salvinia species. Stomach contents of two specimens consist of Spirogyra species, Cladocera, sediments (sand) and unidentifiable organic matter (Ref. 74938).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Marinho, M.M.F., F.R. Carvalho, F. Langeani and F.L. Tatsumi, 2008. A new Hemigrammus Gill from upper rio Paraná system, Southeastern Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Zootaxa 1724:52-60. (Ref. 74938)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00302 - 0.01661), b=3.17 (2.97 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .