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Hemiscyllium galei  Allen & Erdmann, 2008

Cenderwasih Epaulette shark
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Hemiscyllium galei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hemiscyllium galei (Cenderwasih Epaulette shark)
Hemiscyllium galei
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes (Carpet sharks) > Hemiscylliidae (Bamboo sharks)
Etymology: Hemiscyllium: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, skylla = a kind of shark (Ref. 45335);  galei: Named for Jeffrey Gale, an avid underwater photographer, shark enthusiast, and benefactor of the marine realm.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 4 m (Ref. 74956).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: apparently confined to Cenderawasih Bay, Papua Barat Province, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 74956)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species of bamboo shark is distinguished by its unique combination of white lines/spots along the margin of the large, dark saddles on the back, scattered white spots particularly on the upper side, and a row of 7-8 well-defined, horizontally-ovate, dark spots on the lower side between the abdomen and caudal-fin base (Ref. 74956).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on shoreline fringing reefs or shallow patch reefs; observed at night at depths between 2-4 m, usually seen resting on the bottom, occasionally observed while slowly swimming or 'walking' over the bottom with the pectoral and pelvic fins. Probably sedentary during daylight hours, sheltering under rocky outcrops or tabular corals, typical for other family members (Ref. 74956).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann, 2008. Two new species of bamboo sharks (Orectolobiformes: hemiscylliidae) from Western New Guinea. Aqua Int. J. Ichthyol. 13(3-4):93-108. (Ref. 74956)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 28.1 - 29.2, mean 28.8 (based on 448 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00144 - 0.00875), b=3.15 (2.93 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .