Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); circumaurea: Name from Latin words 'circum' meaning round and 'aurea' for golden, of gold, for the golden-yellow coloration of its anal fin, caudal fin, and outer margin of the dorsal fin.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 59379). Tropical, preferred ?; 21°N - 6°N, 137°E - 164°E
Western Pacific: Yap I. (Caroline Islands, Micronesia) and probably in the Marshall and Mariana islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59379)
soft rays: 13 - 14. This species is distinguished by the following characters: Dorsal rays XIV,12-13, usually 13; anal rays II, 13-14, usually 13; pectoral rays 18-19; spiniform caudal rays 3; tubed lateral-line scales 16-17; gill rakers 6-7 + 20-21, total 26-27; body depth 1.68-1.86 in SL. The color when fresh is mahogany brown with bright yellow distally on spinous portion of dorsal fin; the soft portion of dorsal fin, caudal fin, and anal fin is bright yellow.
This species was observed at Yap (Caroline Islands), in a group of about a dozen individuals living among large (about 1-2 m) rock boulders just above the upper edge of a precipitous drop-off. A juvenile of approximately 4 cm SL was observed at a depth of 120 m, below the site where the type specimens were collected. Its color pattern was consistent with that of the adults (Ref. 59379). Life history characteristics for the family specify that this group is oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Pyle, R., J.L. Earle and B.D. Greene, 2008. Five new species of the damselfish genus Chromis (Perciformes: Labroidei: Pomacentridae) from deep coral reefs in the tropical western Pacific. Zootaxa 1671:3-31. (Ref. 59379)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00811 - 0.04082), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .