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Benthophilus nudus  Berg, 1898

Black Sea tadpole-goby
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Benthophilus nudus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Benthophilus: Greek, benthos = depth of the sea + Greek, phyle, that loves (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; demersal.   Temperate, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: in Tendrovskiy Bay, occurs in limans and coastal lakes of north-western Black Sea, lakes of Danube delta; in rivers, found rather far upstream from Danube to Iron Gate dam, Dniester to Bendery, South Bug to Aleksandrovskaya dam (formerly) Gard rapids. Invasive in Dnieper reservoirs after damming in late 1940s where it now reaches up to Kiev and Ingulets up to Snegirevka.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58669); max. reported age: 1 years (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: a tubercle between eyes; numerous, densely-set granules on head and flanks, also between dorsal and upper lateral rows of tubercles on caudal fin; head width 77-92% HL; tubercles in dorsal row 26-29, ventral row 22-25, upper lateral row over 20 (not markedly smaller on caudal peduncle), lower lateral row up to 10; chin barbel slightly compressed, thick, about half in eye diameter in length; origin of D2 in front of anal origin; transverse rows of neuromasts on flank 19-23; a dark spot often in front of D2; sides with dark blotches and irregular dots; a blotch around base of first dorsal not reaching origin of D2 (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits fresh and slightly brackish waters, preferring lower reaches of rivers, deltas, lakes and freshwater limans. In rivers, this is commonly abundant in main river bed. Occurs usually on silty sand with mollusk shells (Ref. 58669). Longevity is about a year. Spawns in May-August with females probably laying eggs in 2-3 portions inside or under mollusc shell and adults die soon after spawning. Feeds mainly on chironomid larvae, amphipods and molluscs (Ref.59043). Invasive in the large tributaries of the Caspian and Black Sea (Ref. 92840).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Boldyrev, V.S. and N.G. Bogutskaya, 2007. Revision of the tadpole-gobies of the genus Benthophilus (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 18(1):31-96. (Ref. 58669)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .