Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Diancistrus: Greek, di = two + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335); niger: Named for its black color.. More on author: Schwarzhans, Nielsen.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 10 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical, preferred ?
Western Pacific: (Vogelkop Peninsula, Irian Jaya, New Guinea (Indonesia).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57884); 4.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 52 - 59;
Vertebrae: 41 - 43. This species is characterized by the following: vertebrae 11+30-32=41-43, dorsal fin rays 69-76, anal fin rays 52-59; large eyes (3.0-3.6% SL); outer pseudoclasper large, broad, ear-lobe shaped, opening ventrally; inner pseudoclasper a fleshy appendix at anterior-inner rim of outer pseudoclasper, without supporter; no scales on operculum; head is compressed, blunt; otoliths elongate, ratio otolith length: height 2.3, anterior and posterior tips of otolith almost equally pointed; color dark grey to black when preserved (Ref. 57884).
Solitary inhabitant of coral reef crevices between about 2-10 m depth, cryptic (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schwarzhans, W., P.R. Møller and J.G. Nielsen, 2005. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei, Bythitidae) of the Indo-West-Pacific. Part I. Diancistrus and two new genera with 26 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museum and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 21:73-163. (Ref. 57884)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00172 - 0.01163), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .