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Cichla vazzoleri  Kullander & Ferreira, 2006

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Cichla vazzoleri
Female picture by Kullander, S.O.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Cichla: Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335);  vazzoleri: Named for Gelso Vazzoler (1929-1987), former head of the Departamento de Biologia Acuática, INPA, Manaus..   More on author: Kullander.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57716)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosis: Similar to C. jariina, C. pinima, C. temensis, and C. thyrorus in having 4 horizontal rows of light spots along the side in subadults and large females, and prominent black, light margined vertical bars or blotches in adults. The scales in E1 row ca 100-110, exceptionally 95-114 (vs. 77-90 in C. thyrorus. The lateral line is nearly always discontinuous (vs. usually continuous in C. temensis and C. thyrorus. Vertical bars of breeding specimens are ocellated and modified, typically with small blotch close to dorsal fin base, below that ocellated vertical bars, or bar 1 with two separate or contiguous blotches, one on midaxis and one under pectoral fin, posterior bars rarely modified into blotches (vs. typically three vertical rows of 3, 3, and 2 blotches in C. jariina and C. thyrorus). A dark blotch at anterodorsal process of preopercle is nearly always present in adults over 20 cm SL (vs. usually absent in C. pinima). This species differs from C. pinima also by having smaller scales (95-114 vs. 86-105), but ranges overlap, and consistent presence of row of light spots along abdominal side (vs. commonly absent in C. pinima). Breeding C. pinima possess three ocellated bars which continuous above upper lateral line when extending above it, and usually no isolated blotches on dorsum; subadult and adult specimens possess an ocellated blotch dorsally in bar 3, which never occurs single in C. vazzoleri but only in breeding pattern together with other ocellated blotches. Cichla temensis usually possesses more E1 scales, 98-128, usually more than 110, and vertical bars of adults entire, extending from dorsum to abdominal side (Ref. 57716).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S.O. and E.J.G. Ferreira, 2006. A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 17(4):289-398. (Ref. 57716)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00503 - 0.02745), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .