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Cichla pinima  Kullander & Ferreira, 2006

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Cichla pinima
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Cichla: Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335);  pinima: Name from the Tupi-Guarani 'pinima', an adjective meaning spotted with white; noun in apposition..   More on author: Kullander.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57716)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosis: This species is most similar to its congeners jariina, temensis, thyrorus, and vazzoleri in having four or more horizontal rows of light spots along side in subadults and large females, and prominent black, light-margined vertical bars or blotches in adults. It differs in having an ocellated dark blotch dorsally in bar 3 (vs. absent in temensis, absent or present only in the breeding pattern together with other ocellated blotches in thyrorus and vazzoleri. Scales in E1 row 86-105 (vs. 77-90 in thyrorus). Lateral line commonly not continuous (vs. usually continuous in temensis and thyrorus. Differs from C. temensis in having less scales in E1 row, 86-105, usually less than 100 (vs. 98-128), usually more than 110, and vertical bars of adults blotch-like and bar 1 often appearing as round blotch or divided into 2-3 blotches, instead of straight vertical and about uniformly wide. Differs from C. vazzoleri by having larger scales (86-105 vs. 95-114), but ranges overlap, and common absence of row of light spots along the abdominal side (vs. persistent in vazzoleri). Breeding individuals possess three ocellated bars, which is continuous above upper lateral line when extending above it, and isolated blotches on dorsum usually not present (vs. dorsal blotches present or absent in vazzoleri, and typically three vertical rows of 3, 3, and 2 blotches in jariina and thyrorus) (Ref. 57716).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S.O. and E.J.G. Ferreira, 2006. A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 17(4):289-398. (Ref. 57716)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00503 - 0.02745), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .