Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Cichla: Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335); jariina: Named for the type locality, Rio Jari; an adjective with alternative endings -inus and -inum. More on author: Kullander.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57716)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: Most similar to its congeners, pinima, temensis, thyrorus, and vazzoleri in having distinct rows of light spots along the side, and presence of large ocellated blotches replacing vertical bars in adults. It is unique by absence or extreme reduction of squamation of dorsal fin. Scales in E1 row 100-108 (vs. 77-90 in C. thyrorus). Similar only to C. pinima in having an ocellated black spot just below soft dorsal fin. Only breeding male known has three blotches ocellated by white dots representing bars 1 and 2, it is similar to thyrorus, but different from pinima, temensis, and vazzoleri in which bars below upper lateral line typically entire and dorsal ocellar markings frequent only in vazzoleri. Dorsal fin count modally XV 16 (shared with vazzoleri vs. XV 17 in other species of Cichla) and vertebral count modally 18 + 16 = 34 (vs. 18 + 17 = 35, 18 + 18 = 36 or 19 + 17 = 36 in other species) (Ref. 57716).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kullander, S.O. and E.J.G. Ferreira, 2006. A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 17(4):289-398. (Ref. 57716)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00531 - 0.02721), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .