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Thalasseleotris iota  Hoese & Roberts, 2005

New Zealand pygmy sleeper
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Thalasseleotris iota
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Thalasseleotrididae ()
Etymology: Thalasseleotris: Greek, thalassa = the sea + The name of a Nile fish, eleotris (Ref. 45335);  iota: Name from the Greek word 'iota' meaning very small, referring to its size..   More on author: Hoese.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 34 m (Ref. 57647).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57647)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 7 - 9. Diagnosis: This species differs from T. adela Hoese & Larson, 1987, in having a narrower gill opening, extending forward to below posterior margin of eye or slightly behind eye (vs. under middle of eye); less extensively scaled body, with naked area reaching to below second dorsal origin or beyond (vs. near end of first dorsal fin); higher transverse scale count (usually 7 - 8 vs. 6 - 7); modally lower vertebral count (10+16 vs. 10+17); anterior nasal tube distinctly longer than posterior nasal tube (vs. subequal); two anal pterygiophores before first haemal spine (vs. 1); uppermost scale and lowermost scale on base of caudal fin with enlarged peripheral cteni (vs. no enlarged peripheral cteni). There are several color differences, including: lacking a black spot posteriorly on the first dorsal fin; usually 5 - 6 small black more or less rounded spots on the ventral midline of the caudal peduncle (vs. usually 4 horizontally elongate black spots); a broad black or dark brown area on basal third of pectoral fin (vs. no distinct black area or a small black spot dorsally on proximal upper 2 - 3 rays); dorsal, anal, and caudal fins with thin wavy grey lines (vs. uniformly pigmented); and no dark dorsomedian line on band before first dorsal fin (Ref. 57647).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Observed to be solitary and possibly, a territorial species. Inhabits broken rocky reefs with holes, crevices, and small caves; perches on rocky ledges partly overlain by silty sand or shell debris. Reported to be often collected underwater sharing caves with much larger black gobies Gobiopsis atrata. Its small size, cryptic habit, semi-transparency, and camouflage coloration make this fish very difficult to locate underwater; though readily collected with rotenone ichthyocide while scuba diving. The habitat of this species in New Zealand is very similar to that of T. adela in Australia, which is restricted to rocky reefs, often in silty turbid waters, at 1-24 m depth. May be collected using slurp gun or hand collected following controlled use of rotenone ichthyocide (Ref. 57647).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hoese, D.F. and C.D. Roberts, 2005. A new species of the eleotrid genus Thalasseleotris (Teleostei: Gobioidei) from New Zealand coastal waters. J. R. Soc. N. Z. 35(4):417-431. (Ref. 57647)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.8750   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .