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Valencia hispanica  (Valenciennes, 1846)

Valencia toothcarp
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Valencia hispanica
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Valenciidae (Toothcarps)
Etymology: Valencia: After Valenciennes, the ichthyologist?.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; non-migratory.   Temperate; 10°C - 28°C (Ref. 2059); 42°N - 35°N, 6°W - 20°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Spain along the Mediterranean coast between Tortosa and Cape San Antonio. Historical record from near Perpignan (France) where it is extirpated. In Appendix II of the Bern Convention (strictly protected fauna).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139); 8.0 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 14. Diagnosed from other species of Valenciidae, Fundulidae and Cyprinodontidae in Europe by the following characters: male with caudal yellow to orange, with reddish-brown posterior margin; spots organized into 4-7 vertical rows; dorsal and anal fins of adult males reaching caudal fin; 28-29 scales in midlateral series on body; anal fin usually with 12-13 rays; pectoral fin with 13-14 rays; male bluish to greyish, with numerous very narrow darker bars, not always distinct anteriorly, iridescent spots absent (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A short-lived species. Adults are found in swamps, lagoons, springs and associated wetlands and other water bodies with little current and plenty of vegetation (Ref. 30578). They feed mainly on crustaceans and insect larvae (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction, water abstraction, pollution (Ref. 26100) and competition with the introduced Gambusia holbrooki (Ref. 59043). The first toothcarp in the German aquarium trade. Not a seasonal killifish. Difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Eggs are laid in batches of 10-30 eggs (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.46 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4; Fec=200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .