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Leptolebias marmoratus  (Ladiges, 1934)

Marbled pearlfish
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Leptolebias marmoratus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae (Rivulines)
Etymology: Leptolebias: Greek, leptos = thin + Greek,lebias, -ou = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory.   Tropical, preferred ?; 22°S - 23°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Atlantic coastal river basins in Brazil. Listed as Vulnerable in IUCN 2004 and listed in Appendix II of CITES.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36579)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal soft rays: 18 - 21; Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Possess an asymmetrical caudal fin, with convex dorsal outline and a straight ventral outline, anteriormost ventral procurrent ray; a white stripe with narrow ventral black border on the ventral edge of the caudal fin of male. Dorsal fin of male approximately triangular, tip pointed ending in 2 short filamentous rays with the tips reaching middle of caudal fin; dorsal fin rounded to slightly pointed in female. Anal fin of male approximately rectangular, posterior tip slightly elongated; rounded in female.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Bottom spawner. Is very difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139). Collected in clear water shallow pools (about 30 cm deep) in forest; no aquatic vegetation (Ref. 50094).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Costa, W.J.E.M., 2003. Rivulidae (South American Annual Fishes). p. 526-548. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36579)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Vulnerable (VU) (B1+2ac+3bd)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00199 - 0.01154), b=3.14 (2.93 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .