Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Erethistidae
(South Asian river catfishes)
Etymology: Erethistoides: Greek, erethizo = that irritates + Greek, suffix oides = similar (Ref. 45335); cavatura: From the Latin noun cavatura, meaning cavity, in reference to the large eye and nostrils of this species.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 8.0 - 8.0. Tropical; 18°C - 26°C (Ref. 55978), preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55978)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 29 - 30. Distinguished from congeners in having larger nostrils (the length of the narial complex 77-90% of interorbital width vs. 42-75). Both E. ascita and E. cavatura differ from E. montana and E. pipri in having a longer caudal peduncle (19.3-22.5% SL vs. 14.4-17.3%). Both species differ further from E. montana in having a more slender body (8.6-10.5% SL vs. 10.6-11.4) and E. sicula by the absence (vs. presence) of a slight median depression on the lower lip margin. E. cavatura can be further distinguished from E. ascita in having a larger eye (17.7-20.9% HL vs. 13.2-17.6), the presence of rounded (vs. elongate and flattened plaque-like) tubercles on the head and body, and the serrations on the anterior edge of the pectoral spine more anteriorly (vs. sideways) directed and diverging at the middle (vs. distal quarter, 6-11 proximalmost serrations proximally directed vs. 12-17 (Ref. 55978).
Occurs in shallow (approximately 10-20 cm) gravel and pebble riffles of streams and rivers with predominantly sandy bottoms, in moderate to fast current (Ref. 55978). Found in clear to turbid waters (Ref. 55978).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ng, H.H. and D.R. Edds, 2005. Two new species of Erethistoides (Teleostei: Erethistidae) from Nepal. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 16(3):239-248. (Ref. 55978)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .