Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae
Etymology: Cottus: Greek, kottos = a fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate, preferred ?
Europe: Upper Volga, Ural and Dniepr drainages and northern and eastern Gulf of Bothnia in Finland and northern Sweden. Southern Baltic tributaries west to Estonia (Ref. 55856). Cottus populations from Dniepr, Ural and Pechora drainages are tentatively identified as Cottus koshewnikowi (Ref. 59043).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101366)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11 - 14. Can be distinguished from other species of Cottus in Europe by the combination of the following characters: lateral line incomplete; reaching to anal-fin base, usually with 17-25 pores; at vertical of 10th ray of second dorsal fin, lateral line clearly above horizontal midline, distance from dorsal midline to lateral line 1.5-2.1 times in distance from ventral midline to lateral line; no distinct transverse bands on pelvic fin; prickling on body variable, in juveniles usually extending to caudal peduncle (Ref. 55856).
Inhabits medium-sized rivers to small streams, and lake shores (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Freyhof, J., M. Kottelat and A. Nolte, 2005. Taxonomic diversity of European Cottus with description of eight new species (Teleostei: Cottidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 16(2):107-172. (Ref. 55856)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00349 - 0.02279), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .