Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Stevardiinae
Etymology: Bryconamericus: Greek, bryko = to bite + America, latinized (Ref. 45335); turiuba: The specific name refers to the municipio of Turiuba, where the type locality is located.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: upper Rio Parana system in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54761)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 10. Distinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: 15-20 branched anal-fin rays; four or five scales in transverse series from the dorsal-fin origin to the lateral line; shallow body (depth 23.6-30.6% of SL); 37-43 perforated lateral line scales; first, third and fifth or, more rarely, first and fourth outer premaxillary tricuspid teeth projecting anteroventrally; two to five tricuspid to pentacuspid maxillary teeth, followed by five to seven smaller conical to tricuspid teeth; conspicuous dark, vertically elongated humeral spot, extending to below the lateral line; dark dorsal stripe extending from supra-occipital spine to the caudal peduncle with a gap at the adipose-fin base; caudal-fin lobes without conspicuous markings, uniformly pigmented along rays; no hooks on the pelvic and anal-fin rays in mature males (Ref. 54761).
Found in Ribeirão Santa Barbara, the type locality, which has two distinct reaches: a lentic pool which is 23-49 m wide, 1.5 m deep, with a water velocity of 0.4 m/s, over a gravel bottom and some smaller areas with sand or mud; and a rapid located further upstream, which is 6.2-13.5 m wide, 0.5 m deep, with a greater water velocity of 1.1 m/s and a rocky bottom. Both stretches have margins with altered riparian forest or herbaceous vegetation (Ref. 54761).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Langeani, F., Z.M.S. de Lucena, J.L. Pedrini and F.J. Tarelho-Pereira, 2005. Bryconamericus turiuba, a new species from the Upper Rio Paraná System (Ostariophysi: Characiformes). Copeia 2005(2):386-292. (Ref. 54761)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .