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Cobitis melanoleuca  Nichols, 1925

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Cobitis melanoleuca
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate, preferred ?; 69°N - 29°N, 59°E - 145°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Don, Kuban, Volga, Ural and Eya drainages (Ref. 59043). Asia: in most Siberian drainages, eastward to Amur and Huang He rivers in China (Ref. 59043), the Nura River in Kazakhstan and in rivers of Primor`e, Korea (Ref. 26334).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50600); 11.0 cm SL (female); common length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50600)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2 - 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-7; Anal spines: 2-3; Anal soft rays: 5 - 6. Presence of two black spots on caudal base, lower one sometimes weak (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found from small lowland streams to large rivers with gentle current, and lakes mostly with dense vegetation on sand-silt to sand-gravel bottom (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M., 2012. Conspectus cobitidum*: an inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. (26):1-199. (Ref. 92804)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00217 - 0.01155), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .