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Esselenichthys carli  (Follett & Anderson, 1990)

Threeline prickleback
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Esselenichthys carli   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Esselenichthys carli (Threeline prickleback)
Esselenichthys carli
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Stichaeidae (Pricklebacks) > Xiphisterinae
Etymology: carli: Named in honor of Carl Leavitt Hubbs (1894-1979), twice president of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, friend and mentor, who discovered E. carli and E. laurae.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 26 m (Ref. 48788).   Subtropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Pacific Grove, California to Bahía San Quintín, Baja California Norte, Mexico.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48788)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 38 - 43; Dorsal soft rays (total): 19-23; Anal soft rays: 44 - 49; Vertebrae: 65 - 70. First dorsal spine associated with second pterygiophore; first anal pterygiophore equal in size to second; ventrolateral lateral line connected across breast in an arc that is bisected by a medio ventral lateral line extending from isthmus to fork about anus (Ref. 48788). Caudal fin rounded.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on rocky and sandy areas among kelp, in crevices, or kelp holdfasts (Ref. 48788).; subtidal (Ref. 51666).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Follett, W.I. and M.E. Anderson, 1990. Esselenia, a new genus of pricklebacks (Teleostei: Stichaeidae), with two new species from California and Baja California Norte. Copeia 1990(1):147-163. (Ref. 48788)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .