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Haplochromis tanaos  van Oijen & Witte, 1996

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Haplochromis tanaos
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Haplochromis: Greek, Haploos = single + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  tanaos: The name refers to the slender habitus of this species (Ref. 47153).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 47153).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Victoria.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47153); 7.6 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 10; Vertebrae: 29 - 32. Small, slender, laterally compressed body (Ref. 47153). A rather acutely pointed snout (Ref. 47153). Lips not thickened (Ref. 47153). Lower jaw ventral outline almost straight, the rostral outline of lower jaw straight or slightly convex with a smoothly rounded mental area (Ref. 47153). Pectoral fins reaching the anus; extension of dorsal and anal fin about equal, reaching the posterior half of the caudal peduncle (Ref. 47153). All scales on the head are cycloid; scales on rostral part of dorsum cycloid or very weakly ctenoid, caudal part of dorsum with ctenoid scales; scales on flank and caudal peduncle ctenoid; ventral chest scales relatively small and cycloid, lateral chest scales relatively small and weakly ctenoid (Ref. 47153). Live basic color for males is bluish-grey dorsally and silvery white ventrally; females and juveniles have a distinct, relatively thin mid lateral band and the entire dorsal surface of the head in juveniles is rather uniformly greyish pigmented (Ref. 47153). Two continuous longitudinal bands on the body (Ref. 47153).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Known from relatively sheltered areas with a sandy substrate in Lake Victoria (Ref. 47153).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

van Oijen, M.J.P. and F. Witte, 1996. Taxonomical and ecological description of a species complex of zooplanktivorous cichlids from Lake Victoria. Zool. Verh. Leiden 302:56 p. (Ref. 47153)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00709 - 0.03231), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .