Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Melanostomiinae
Etymology: Eustomias: Greek, eu = good + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Regan, Trewavas.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic. Tropical, preferred ?
Western Atlantic: Straits of Florida, the northern Gulf of Mexico, the Bahamas, the Caribbean Sea, and off the northern coast of South America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37039)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 33 - 37. Body slender and elongate, color black; body depth 8-10% SL. Long, tapering, protrusible snout. Chin barbel moderately short, 18-41% SL. Barbel with slender stem and 2-4 terminal bulbs, with proximal (0.3-1.3% SL) and distal (0.6-2.1% SL) bulbs separated by a distance of 4-6.2% SL. Distal bulb bears terminal filaments 0.3-4.9% SL that either possess or lack swollen bulblets. Deep ventral groove absent. Pectoral rays free (Ref. 37039).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McEachran, J.D. and J.D. Fechhelm, 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume 1: Myxiniformes to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin. 1112p. (Ref. 37039)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .