Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Diplodus: Greek, diploos = twice + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 27121). Tropical, preferred ?; - 35°S
Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: Angola to Mozambique and southern Madagascar, possibly reaching Mauritius (Ref. 3168, 3198).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 21.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3198); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); max. reported age: 21 years (Ref. 26244)
Adults occur in shallow rocky and sandy substrate; juveniles in shallow reefs, estuary mouths and intertidal pools, sandy beach surf zone. Omnivorous on seaweeds, sponges and bivalves. Also feeds on crustaceans, worms, mollusks, and fish. Sold fresh or whole and as bait.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; bait: usually
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00977 - 0.02454), b=3.08 (2.95 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.15 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3; tmax=21).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .