Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Chrysoblephus: Greek, chrysos = golden + Greek, blepo, blepharizo = to watch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 20 - 50 m (Ref. 28016). Subtropical, preferred ?; 22°S - 35°S
Southeast Atlantic: known only from the Cape to Natal in South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 30.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3198); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); max. published weight: 5.8 kg (Ref. 40637)
Inhabits shallow coastal waters. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, worms and small fishes (Ref. 5213). Good food fish. Sold fresh in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith, 1986. Sparidae. p. 580-594. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3198)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02951 (0.01541 - 0.05652), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .