Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Chrysoblephus: Greek, chrysos = golden + Greek, blepo, blepharizo = to watch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 30 - 100 m. Subtropical, preferred ?; 22°S - 35°S
Western Indian Ocean: known only from South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 36.5  range ? - 42 cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3198); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); max. published weight: 7.3 kg (Ref. 40637)
Found over rocky banks (Ref. 3198). Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, worms, and small fishes. Seldom caught from the shore (Ref. 3198). Sold fresh in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Also Ref. 28504.
Bauchot, M.-L. and M.M. Smith, 1984. Sparidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). volume 4. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3507)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.01133 - 0.03059), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.07).
Prior r = 0.31, 2 SD range = 0.18 - 0.53, log(r) = -1.17, SD log(r) = 0.27, Based on: 1 M, 4 K, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .