Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Brachyrhaphis: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, raphis = needle (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic; non-migratory. Tropical; 19°C - 34°C (Ref. 36880), preferred ?
Central America: Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36880); 3.4 cm SL (female)
The 10 dark bars on the sides of the body are more pronounced in males. The population in the headwaters of Río Virilla near Santa Ana and Villa Colón are larger and most individuals lack the vertical bars. Interradial membranes on the base of the dorsal fin and the rays are jet black; distal half of the fin yellowish or orange and the margin is black in both sexes. Anal fin is yellow or yellow-orange and has a black blotch from the base to the tip of the fin. Pelvic fins yellowish and caudal distal margin often brilliant yellow (Ref. 36880).
An insectivorous fish generally inhabits waters of low to moderate current velocity; between 10 and 900 m elevation; at temperatures of 19 to 34°C; in surface or midwaters of brooks, streams. Occasionally found in shallow waters of rivers (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bussing, W.A., 1998. Peces de las aguas continentales de Costa Rica [Freshwater fishes of Costa Rica]. 2nd Ed. San José Costa Rica: Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica. 468 p. (Ref. 36880)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00253 - 0.01433), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .