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Gerres phaiya  Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2001

Strong spined silver-biddy
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Gerres phaiya
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gerreidae (Mojarras)
Etymology: Gerres: Latin, gerres = a kind of anchovies; cited by Plinius;  phaiya: Named for its local name, 'phaiya' in Mangalore.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: southwest coast of India; probably also in Bengal Bay and the Andaman Sea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41102)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7. When fresh, upper surface of head and trunk silvery, golden-brown, grading to silver on abdomen. Pelvic and anal fins yellow, first few rays of pelvic fin with a white distal margin or whitish-hyaline posteriorly; caudal fin yellowish-dusky with slightly whitish lower margin posteriorly, lobes usually broadly rounded posteriorly; dorsal and pectoral fins yellowish-hyaline; trunk with approximately 6-10 vertical dusky bars (about half width of pupil diameter), more apparent when stressed or when preserved. Number of scales between the base of the 5th dorsal fin spine and lateral line 4-4.5. Second dorsal fin spine longest, 23-27% SL (mean 25%). Supraneural bones 3 (Ref. 41102).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Specimens collected in shallow coastal or estuarine areas (Ref. 41102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Woodland, David J. | Collaborators

Iwatsuki, Y. and P.C. Heemstra, 2001. Gerres phaiya: a new species of gerreid fish (Teleostei: Perciformes: Gerreidae) from India, with comments on Gerres poieti and the Gerres erythrourus complex. Copeia 2001(4):1043-1049. (Ref. 41102)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .