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Chlorophthalmus corniger  Alcock, 1894

Spinyjaw greeneye
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Chlorophthalmus corniger   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chlorophthalmus corniger (Spinyjaw greeneye)
Chlorophthalmus corniger
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Chlorophthalmidae (Greeneyes)
Etymology: Chlorophthalmus: Greek, chloros = green + Greek, ophthlamos = eye (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Alcock.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 265 - 458 m (Ref. 58018).   Deep-water, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: southern Indonesia (off the south coast of Java) and SW Thailand to India (off Chennai, Tuticorin and Kerala), the Gulf of Aden and off the coast of Somalia. Records from the Philippines, the South China Sea and elsewhere in the western Pacific Ocean are misidentifications.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95053); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9133)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 11; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10. This species is distinguished by the following set of characteristics: lower jaw terminating in a distinct forwardly projecting horizontal plate with strong, spine-like processes directed forward from the plate’s corners; silvery grey body with numerous minute black spots and traces of broad darker crossbars; black colour at base of anterior dorsal fin spines and distal parts of dorsal fins; adipose fin tiny with numerous black spots; caudal fin black; 3.5 scales above lateral line; 3 rows of cheek scales; very large head, 34.3-40·1% SL; large eye, 29·8-40·8% HL; long pectoral fin, extending to beyond dorsal fin base, 21.7-26.2% SL; body silvery grey with minute black dots and traces of broad darker crossbars; operculum dark dorsally, silvery ventrally (Ref. 95053).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found offshore (Ref. 30573).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bineesh, K.K., K.V. Akhilesh, M.F. Gomon, E.M. Abdussamad, N.G.K. Pillai and A. Gopalakrishnan, 2014. Redescription of Chlorophthalmus corniger, a senior synonym of Chlorophthalmus bicornis (Family: Chlorophthalmidae). J. Fish. Biol. 84:513-522. (Ref. 95053)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00162 - 0.00977), b=3.15 (2.93 - 3.37), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.