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Dysomma dolichosomatum  Karrer, 1983

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Dysomma dolichosomatum
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Synaphobranchidae (Cutthroat eels) > Ilyophinae
Etymology: Dysomma: Greek, dys, dyo = two + Greek, omma = eye.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 105 - 897 m (Ref. 106136).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: off Madagascar, Taiwan, Philippines, and Solomon Islands;

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106136)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 146 - 156. This species is distinguished by the following characters: no pectoral fin; dorsal-fin origin about 0.8-1 HL behind gill opening, predorsal length 16.5-19.1% TL; anus posterior, about 1.5 time of HL behind gill opening, preanal length 23.3-28.6% TL; trunk long, trunk length 14.3-17.7% TL; 2 intermaxillary teeth; upper jaw with 2 irregular rows of small blunt teeth; vomer with 2 or 3 (mainly 3) compound teeth; lower jaw single row of 4 or 5 small compound teeth followed by 1 or 2 irregular rows of small blunt teeth; short cirri on surfaces of chin and jaws; head pores: IO 4, SO 3, M 6 (1 with 7), POP 1, AD1, F 0, ST 0; lateral-line pores are large, prepectoral 5 or 6, total 9-11, the last at slightly beyond the gill opening posteriorly; MVF 18-27-153, total vertebrae 146-156 (Ref. 106136).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Smith, D.G., 1997. Synaphobranchidae. Cutthroat eels. p. 1658-1661. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 39639)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .