Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Crenuchidae
(South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Brazil, near Rio de Janeiro (type locality).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38397)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6;
Vertebrae: 36. Flat, scale-less breast, developed pectorals, slightly oblique eyes, only seen from above, and narrow interorbital; 3 unbranched pectoral rays and 1 unbranched pelvic ray; lateral line complete, adipose fin present, cheeks not covered, mouth with few, unicuspid teeth, numbering only 4 on the upper jaw. A rather broad, brown lateral stripe from snout to end of peduncle just above lateral line. 'Spines' are unbranched rays.
A small, bottom living species. Not collected since more than 100 years, and thus it may well be endangered, if not extinct (Ref. 38397).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Géry, J., A. Zarske and H.J. Paepke, 2001. Supplementary description of two overlooked fish taxa, Leporinus macrolepidotus Peters, 1868, and Nanognathus borellii Boulenger, 1895, actually members of the genus Characidium Reinhardt, 1866 (Teleostei: Characiformes: Characidiidae. Zool. Abh. Mus. Tierkde. Dresden 51(3):23-31. (Ref. 38397)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .