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Taeniamia zosterophora  (Bleeker, 1856)

Blackbelted cardinalfish
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Taeniamia zosterophora   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Taeniamia zosterophora (Blackbelted cardinalfish)
Taeniamia zosterophora
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Taeniamia: Name from feminine Latin noun 'taenia' meaning ribbon or band; and feminine Greek noun 'Amia' meaning a fish, often used with cardinalfishes genera. Here as Taeniamia referring to the vertical wide bars and near vertical to curved narrow bars as lines on most of the species in this genus..

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 40 m (Ref. 54391), usually 2 - 15 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 30°N - 23°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: from Indonesia to Vanuatu, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); common length : 6.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 14 - 16. Diagnosis: Rays: dorsal VI + I,9; anal II,14-16 (rarely 13 or 17); pectoral rays 13-14 (rarely 12). Gill rakers 5-7 + 14-17 (total, 19-23). Lateral-line scales 25+3-4 (rarely 27 or 30). Median predorsal scales 6-7 (rarely 5). Body depth 2.5-2.8 in SL; body width 2.3-2.65 in body depth; eye diameter 2.7-3.2 in head length; first dorsal spine 1.5-1.9 in second spine; second dorsal spine 2.35-3.0, and third dorsal spine 2.35-3.1 in head length; spine of second dorsal fin 2.2-2.6, and second anal spine 2.5-3.1 in head length; pelvic-fin length 4.5-5.1; caudal-peduncle length 4.5-5.4 in SL. Distance from insertion of pelvic spine to anal-fin origin 4.1-5.5 in SL Preopercular edge serrate. Scaly sheath along anal-fin base moderately developed (Ref. 54391). Some geographical variations. Usually a black band below second dorsal fin, but highly variable in width and may fade to barely a trace, or is completely absent. In Japanese and Indian Ocean populations, the band is usually narrow and often absent. Best identified by the two vertical orange stripes over gills and distinctive black peduncular spot (Ref. 48635).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Forms dense aggregations above or among the branches of Porites cylindrica and other branching corals (e.g. Acropora Ref. 54391) of sheltered lagoons and inshore bays (Ref. 1602); over sandy bottom at depths of 1-40 meters (Ref. 54391). Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Are mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gon, O. and J.E. Randall, 2003. Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Archamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of a new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (35):49 p. (Ref. 54391)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.1 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 2277 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00744 - 0.02681), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .