Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Chrysoblephus: Greek, chrysos = golden + Greek, blepo, blepharizo = to watch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 3198). Tropical, preferred ?; 21°S - 28°S
Southeast Atlantic: northern Namibia to northern Natal, South Africa; also reported from Mauritius.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 18.1  range ? - 22.5 cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); common length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); max. published weight: 4.2 kg (Ref. 3670)
Occurs above rocky bottoms in deeper water to 100 m but often caught from shore. Juveniles occur in shallow-water beds of seaweed where they feed on minute crustacean (Ref. 3670). Feeds on mollusks, crustaceans, worms and fish. Females transform into territorial males with growth (Ref. 3198). Voracious but sluggish, takes any bait. Good food fish (Ref. 3198). Sold fresh (Ref. 3507).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Also Ref. 28504.
Bauchot, M.-L. and M.M. Smith, 1984. Sparidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). volume 4. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3507)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: potential
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.01170 - 0.03102), b=2.98 (2.84 - 3.12), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.16).
Prior r = 0.46, 2 SD range = 0.28 - 0.74, log(r) = -0.78, SD log(r) = 0.24, Based on: 1 M, 3 K, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .