Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae
Etymology: Ctenochirichthys: Greek 'kteis', 'ktenos' = comb + Greek, 'cheiros' = hand (or its evolutionary homolog, the pectoral fin) + Greek, 'ichthys' = fish (Ref. 86949). More on author: Regan, Trewavas.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 800 - 1000 m (Ref. 86949). Deep-water, preferred ?
Pacific Ocean: Chile and Panama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4 - 5. Metamorphosed males and females have an extremely long pectoral fin lobe, bearing high number of pectoral fin rays, inserted along dorsal margin and an elongate, slender subopercular bone, tapering only slightly, dorsal end rounded or squared off. Metamorphosed females are further unique in having the following characteristics: presence of vomerine teeth; convex dorsal margin of frontal bones; reduced sphenotic spines; lower jaw with small symphysial spine; hyomandibula with double head; small quadrate and articular spines; deeply notched posterior margin of opercle; elongate and slender subopercle throughout its length, ventral end elongate and rounded; well developed second pharyngobranchial; caudal fin rays without internal pigmentation; illicium longer than length of esca bulb; pterygoiphore of illicium cylindrical throughout its length, emerging on snout from between frontal bones, anterior end exposed, posterior end concealed beneath skin; well developed first ray of dorsal fin; dorsal fin rays 6-7; anal fin rays 4-5; extremely long and narrow pectoral fin lobe, longer than longest rays of pectoral fin; pectoral fin rays 28-30; skin presumably naked, without dermal spinules; darkly pigmented skin of caudal peduncle extends well past base of caudal fin (Ref. 86949). Metamorphosed males: have 13 olfactory lamellae; 9 upper denticular teeth arranged in two rows, inner row with 8 teeth, outer row with 3 teeth; naked skin, without dermal spinules (Ref. 86949). Larvae: elongate body; depth of body and length of the head measures 40-45% of SL; concentration of pigment lies medial to subopercle; dorsal pig mentation restricted to anterodorsal part of body (Ref. 86949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pequeño, G., 1989. Peces de Chile. Lista sistematica revisada y comentada. Rev. Biol. Mar., Valparaiso 24(2):1-132. (Ref. 9068)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .