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Pachymetopon blochii  (Valenciennes, 1830)

Hottentot seabream
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Pachymetopon blochii
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Pachymetopon: Greek, pachys = fat + Greek, metopon = brow (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory (Ref. 4350); depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 3688).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 13°S - 28°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: Angola to the west coast of South Africa.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 22.0, range 22 - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3198); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2715); max. published weight: 1.7 kg (Ref. 4699)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10. Bronzy brown, lighter below.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow water over rocky bottoms. Feeds on seaweeds, echinoderms, crustaceans, mollusks and worms (Ref. 3688).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00877 - 0.02735), b=3.05 (2.91 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.51 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.10-0.16; tm=5; tmax=12).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.