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Halichoeres orientalis  Randall, 1999

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Halichoeres orientalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Halichoeres orientalis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335);  orientalis: Named in reference to its occurrence in southern Japan and Taiwan (Ref. 31549).   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 31549).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: southern Japan and Taiwan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31549)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 12; Vertebrae: 25. Each lateral line scale with 2-4 tubules; without scales on cheek or opercle; without scales basally on dorsal or anal fins; a single pair of stout canines anteriorly in each jaw; a strong canine at corner of mouth; 9th dorsal spine longest, 2.75-3.1 in HL; green with 4 longitudinal salmon pink to orange bands on head, the 2nd and 3rd passing through eye, the 3rd bifurcating on opercle; a small vertically elongate black spot behind eye; upper 3 bands of head continuing as stripes anteriorly on body, and 2 more commencing from beneath pectoral fin, these stripes variously breaking into segments and forming 6 groups of irregular spots dorsally on body, the 2nd group in a dusky blotch; presumed male with this blotch black and containing small irregularly yellow spots; another presumed male phase blackish posteriorly to a vertical through base of 6th dorsal spine.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 1999. Halichoeres orientalis, a new labrid fish from southern Japan and Taiwan. Zool. Stud. 38(3):295-300. (Ref. 31549)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.4 - 27.1, mean 24.9 (based on 176 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00469 - 0.02134), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .