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Enteromius trimaculatus  (Peters, 1852)

Threespot barb
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Enteromius trimaculatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Peters.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 7248).   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468); 9°S - 30°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Zambezi River system, Lake Ngami and Cubango rivers; Lake Malawi and the Ruo River; Lake Bangweulu and associated rivers; Luapula and upper Lualaba rivers; Orange, Limpopo, Comati and Vaal Rivers systems; Kunene and Cubango Rivers (Ref. 2801). East coast from Ruvuma, Tanzania to Umvoti, Natal, also Orange, Cunene and Zambian Congo systems (Ref. 7248).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 8 - 7.5 cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in shallow water near river outlets or close to swampy areas (Ref. 5595). Hardy, commonly occurs in a wide variety of habitats, especially where there is vegetation. Feeds on insects and other small organisms. Used as bait for the tigerfish. Breeds in summer, shoals of ripe adults moving upstream in spate after rain. Females produce as many as 8,000 eggs (Ref. 7248).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lévêque, C. and J. Daget, 1984. Cyprinidae. p. 217-342. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2801)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial; bait: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00786 - 0.02540), b=2.99 (2.84 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.40).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .