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Enteromius camptacanthus  (Bleeker, 1863)

African redfinned barb
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Image of Enteromius camptacanthus (African redfinned barb)
Enteromius camptacanthus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 7.8; dH range: 5 - 15.   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: widespread from Cameroon to the Chiloango River basin (Ref. 81639). Extends westwards as far as the Niger delta (Ref. 2801, 2940, 81281, 81639). Also in the Dja drainage (middle Congo River basin) (Ref. 51193). Does not seem to appear to the west of the Niger (Ref. 2940).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: mouth subinferior; two long and unequal pairs of barbels (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639), anterior pair not extending beyond centre of eye; posterior pair reaching to, or extending beyond, posterior half of eye/extending beyond hind margin of eye (Ref. 2940, 81282). Lateral line complete and deeply depressed below dorsal fin; 21-25 scales in lateral line; 3.5-4.5 scales between lateral line and origin of dorsal fin; 4.5 scales between lateral line and middle of belly; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic fin insertion; 12 circumpeduncular scales (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639). Dorsal fin 0.8-0.9x HL (Ref. 81639). 8 branched dorsal fin rays; last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin; 2 large black spots on sides, one on anterior part of body and one on caudal peduncle (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Abundant in small rivers in forest zones (Ref. 2940). Maximum reported size: 12.5 cm SL (Ref. 81282, 81639).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lévêque, C., 1990. Cyprinidae. p. 269-361. In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome I. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° XXVIII. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, and O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, 384 p. (Ref. 2940)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00561 - 0.02698), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.