Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Siamese local name of the fish "ikan bettah"; pi: Specific epithet from the Greek letter (pi), as an allusion to the shape of its throat marking.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Asia: Thailand and Malaysia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57235)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 30 - 32;
Vertebrae: 31 - 33. Differs from other members of the B. waseri group by having the unique suite of characters: a pi-shaped black pattern on the throat; opercle usually with scales, without green scales; lower margin of opercle black, black spots on opercle; absence of dorsal and caudal-fin transverse bars; broad and distinct dark blue anal margin; predorsal scales 24-25; subdorsal scales 5 1/2-6 (mode 6); postdorsal scales 10-12 (mode 11); lateral scales 32-33 (mode 33); dorsal-fin rays 8-10 (mode 9); anal-fin rays 30-32 (mode 31); head length 32.3-34.4 % SL; body depth 26.4-29.7% SL (Ref. 56613).
Primarily found in well shaded peat forest blackwater swamps and creeks which drained out such swamps; the beds are usually covered with dense leaf litter and lots of roots and plants. The free water area is often small, with pH of about 6.0 (Ref. 78499); very soft and deep (up to 1.3 m ) substrate (Ref. 57235).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tan, H.H., 1998. Description of two new species of the Betta waseri group (Teleostei: Osphronemidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 8(3):281-287. (Ref. 30225)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .