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Betta balunga  Herre, 1940

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Betta balunga
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Siamese local name of the fish "ikan bettah".   More on author: Herre.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.2 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 10.   Tropical; 21°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Borneo.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56613)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0 - 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 0-3; Anal soft rays: 27; Vertebrae: 30 - 31. A member of the Betta akarensis group distinguished from other members by possessing the following combination of characters: opercle with interrupted second postorbital stripe; eye color orange when alive; anal-fin rays 27-30; subdorsal scales 6-7; lateral scales 29-30; predorsal scales 21-24; postdorsal scales 10-12; preanal length 48.5-52.6% SL ; head length 32.6-37.5% SL; length of anal-fin base 47.8-55.4% SL (Ref. 56613).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in forest streams with moderate current, very shallow water among plant roots and submerged leaf litter along the banks. Also occurs in slow flowing black water streams among submerged stream bank vegetation and submerged leaf litter (Ref. 56613). An oral brooder (Ref. 56613).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Tan, H.H. and P.K.L. Ng, 2005. The fighting fishes (Teleostei: Osphronemidae: Genus Betta) of Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei. Raffles Bull. Zool. Supplement (13):43-99. (Ref. 56613)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Ecology
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .