Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Rajidae
Etymology: Fenestraja: Latin, fenestra, -ae = small hole or opening in a bone + Latin, raja, -ae = a fish, Raja sp. (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 311 m (Ref. 28767). Subtropical, preferred ?
Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 31 - 33.5 cm
Max length : 37.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6902)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Rostral cartilage short. Tail long and thorny. Short interspace between its two dorsal fin. Pale coloration of dorsal fins. Upper surface brownish purple. Lower surface plain yellowish white (Ref. 6902).
Deep water species (Ref. 6902). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00138 - 0.00693), b=3.20 (3.02 - 3.38), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .