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Harriotta raleighana  Goode & Bean, 1895

Pacific longnose chimaera
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Harriotta raleighana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Harriotta raleighana (Pacific longnose chimaera)
Harriotta raleighana
Picture by Garazo Fabregat, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Rhinochimaeridae (Longnose chimaeras)
Etymology: Harriotta: From Thomas Harriot, 1560-1621, studie the genus Lepisosteus (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Goode, Bean.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 2600 m (Ref. 6871), usually 500 - 2000 m (Ref. 97389).   Deep-water; 65°N - 49°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Iceland, Faeroe Islands, Rockall Trough along Ireland to northern France; Canary Islands and off Cap Blanc, Mauritania; Namibia and South Africa (Ref. 5578). Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Chesapeake Bay in USA; southern Brazil. North Pacific: off Japan and California, USA; also 100 km off southern Baja California. South Pacific: off New Zealand and Australia (Ref. 7300).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 26346); 102.5 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. This species is distinguished by the following characters: long, pointed, narrow, depressed snout; relatively large eyes (EYL 7.2-9.0% BDL) and virtually above the mouth (Ref. 97389); knobby tooth plates; a rather long first dorsal fin and spine (spine longer than height of first dorsal fin, DSA 1.3-1.4 times in D1H, Ref. 97389); caudal-fin axis weakly raised with the fin asymmetrical, epaxial caudal-fin lobe narrower than hypaxial lobe (Ref. 97389); upper edge of caudal fin without denticles or tubercles. caudal fin lanceolate with no tubercles on upper edge but with a long terminal filament (Ref. 5578, 6871, 41248).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the continental slope and ocean floor (Ref. 26346). Appears to feed mainly on shellfish and crustaceans (Ref. 6871). Maximum length 120 cm without tail filament (Ref. 26346).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, young hatch at about 10-13 cm (Ref. 26346).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Ecology
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.3 - 9, mean 5.2 (based on 654 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7539   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00288 (0.00112 - 0.00744), b=3.14 (2.91 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .