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Coregonus widegreni  Malmgren, 1863

Valaam whitefish
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Coregonus widegreni
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; anadromous; depth range 30 - 150 m (Ref. 59043).   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Baltic: Bothnian Gulf, Gotland (missing along Swedish coast southward of Stockholm); southern Baltic: from Germany to Gulf of Finland; several landlocked populations in Sweden (Lakes Vänern, Vättern, Locknesjön, Storvindeln, Storlaisan, Skalka-Parkijaur, Arjeplog) and Russia (Neva drainage, Lakes Ladoga and Onega).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 19 - 46 cm
Max length : 55.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 593); max. reported age: 20 years (Ref. 59043)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Recorded from coastal waters at sea. Lacustrine, at depths greater than 30 m, in Lake Ladoga commonly at 50-150 m (Ref. 59043). Specimens measuring 36-40 cm are more than 5 years old. Spawns for the first time at 4-6 years (Ref. 59043). Spawns from the end of November to 20 December (Ref. 593). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are buried in unguarded nests (Ref. 205). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, especially gammarids, molluscs and insect larvae (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. Biologia 52, Suppl. 5:1-271. (Ref. 13696)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00327 - 0.00882), b=3.22 (3.08 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.14-0.91; tm=3-5; tmax=19).
Prior r = 0.58, 2 SD range = 0.34 - 1.00, log(r) = -0.54, SD log(r) = 0.27, Based on: 1 M, 8 K, 17 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .