You can sponsor this page

Cichlasoma urophthalmum  (Günther, 1862)

Mexican mojarra
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Cichlasoma urophthalmum (Mexican mojarra)
Cichlasoma urophthalmum
Male picture by DATZ

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Cichlasoma: Greek, kichle = wrasse + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).

Issue
The generic allocation of this species is still uncertain. It belongs to the tribe Heroini, but is maintained as an incertae sedis species of Cichlasoma pending a revision of heroin cichlids traditionally assigned to the cichlasomatin genus Cichlasoma.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 2 - ? m (Ref. 7335).   Tropical; 20°C - 39°C (Ref. 35127), preferred ?; 27°N - 11°N, 98°W - 80°W (Ref. 55201)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central America: Atlantic drainages from Mexico to Nicaragua.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 11.7, range 10 - 19 cm
Max length : 39.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 1.1 kg (Ref. 40637)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit freshwater marshes and mangrove swamps. Adults prefer coastal lagoons and rivers and will tolerate marine conditions. Feed on small fishes and macro-invertebrates (Ref. 7335). Spawn on the bottom in both fresh and brackish water (Ref. 35127).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Max. 600 eggs.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03162 (0.02392 - 0.04181), b=3.03 (2.95 - 3.11), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.16-0.20; tmax=7; Fec=2,085-6,615).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.