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Cobitis meridionalis  Karaman, 1924

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Cobitis meridionalis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical, preferred ?; 41°N - 40°N, 20°E - 21°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Lake Prespa (Greece, Albania, and Macedonia).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); 11.0 cm SL (female); max. reported age: 1 years (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): blotches of zonez Z2 and Z4 grey to olive, edges not sharply contrasted; zonesZ1 and Z3 absent or very poorly defined and present only on anterior half of body. Presence of two laminae circularis.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit lakes and highland water courses, with sand or mud bottom and underwater vegetation (Ref. 59043). Feed on invertebrates. Spawn in April and May (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Threatened due to water abstraction and pollution (Ref. 26100).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043). Probably a multiple spawner (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
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Ecology
Diet
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Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
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References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
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Heritability
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Otoliths
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Tools

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00217 - 0.01155), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax = 1; Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .