Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Bidenichthys: Latin, bi = two + Greek, dens, dentis = teeth + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 30 - 178 m (Ref. 34024). Temperate, preferred ?
Southwest Pacific: off northern New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9003)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A rare species found in rocky areas (Ref. 34024). Reported to occur in rock pools (Ref. 9003). Possibly nocturnal (Ref. 9003).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00177 - 0.01179), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec < 100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .