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Eubleekeria splendens  (Cuvier, 1829)

Splendid ponyfish
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Eubleekeria splendens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Eubleekeria splendens (Splendid ponyfish)
Eubleekeria splendens
Picture by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Leiognathidae (Slimys, slipmouths, or ponyfishes)

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 10 - 100 m (Ref. 12260).   Tropical; 30°N - 30°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: from India to Papua New Guinea; north to Japan; south to Australia,

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 9.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2045); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 4544)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 14; Vertebrae: 24. This species of the Leiognathus splendens complex is distinguished by the following characters: no scales on cheek; anterior dorsolateral body surface almost completely scaled without a semicircular naked area on nape; lower margin of inner preopercular ridge is smooth or weakly serrated (including the neotype); interspace of pelvic keels without scales; second spines of dorsal and anal fins are robust (width of second spines of dorsal and anal fins 0.87-1.6% of SL and 0.76-1.7% of SL, respectively); a jet black blotch on spinous dorsal fin (Ref. 75583).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This schooling species inhabits coastal waters. It feeds on fish, crustaceans, foraminiferans, and bivalves (Ref. 5213). The annotated bibliography of Leiognathidae by Pauly and Wade-Pauly (Ref. 4961) includes 172 references pertaining explicitly to Leiognathus splendens.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Lipid stored in muscles, liver and intestine decreased during gonadal maturation and following spawning (Ref. 3655).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Woodland, David J. | Collaborators

Kimura, S., T. Ito, T. Peristiwady, Y. Iwatsuki, T. Yoshino and P.N. Dunlap, 2005. The Leiognathus splendens complex (Perciformes: Leignothidae) with the description of a new species, Leiognathus kupanensis kimura and Peristiwady. Ichthyol. Res. 52 (3):275-291. (Ref. 75583)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 4961)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.8 - 29.1, mean 28.1 (based on 1680 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.01546 - 0.02459), b=2.98 (2.92 - 3.04), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.33-1.60; tm=1; tmax=2.3).
Prior r = 2.57, 2 SD range = 1.46 - 4.53, log(r) = 0.94, SD log(r) = 0.28, Based on: 3 M, 22 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.