Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Conodon: Latin, conicus = cone + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 9626). Subtropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 30°N - 33°S, 99°W - 30°W
Western Atlantic: Texas and eastern Florida (USA) and Jamaica to Brazil. Including western Gulf of Mexico, Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles, Central and South American coasts (Ref. 26938). Also found in Argentina (Ref. 86320).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 588.00 g (Ref. 5217)
Found along sandy shores and over shallow muddy bottoms (Ref. 3798). Feeds at night on crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 3798). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00679 - 0.01615), b=3.03 (2.91 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .