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Eleotris pisonis  (Gmelin, 1789)

Spinycheek sleeper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Eleotris pisonis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Eleotris pisonis (Spinycheek sleeper)
Eleotris pisonis
Picture by Vianna, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Eleotridae (Sleepers) > Eleotrinae
Etymology: Eleotris: The name of a Nile fish, eleotris (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 46888).   Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 97140), preferred ?; 32°N -

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest to western Central Atlantic: Bermuda, Bahamas, South Carolina and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA to southeastern Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 12.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found on shallow, muddy or sandy bottoms (Ref. 13628). They appear to prefer estuarine freshwater tributaries, occurring in waters with a salinity range of 0 to 19 ppt (Ref. 7251), or up to 36.6 in some cases (Ref. 97140). Feed on dipteran larvae and pupae (especially the juveniles); crustaceans like crabs and shrimps; and small fishes. The diet changes with sexual maturity and season. Gonadal development takes place during the dry season. Average size at maturity is 5.7 mm for males and 4.3 mm for females (Ref. 35237).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00245 - 0.01479), b=3.16 (2.94 - 3.38), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .