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Chrosomus oreas  Cope, 1868

Mountain redbelly dace
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chrosomus: Chrosomus meaning color (Ref. 1998).   More on author: Cope.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate, preferred ?; 38°N - 36°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Mountain and Piedmont regions of Atlantic Slope from Shenandoah River (Potomac River drainage) in Virginia to Neuse River drainage in North Carolina, USA; upper New River drainage in West Virginia, Virginia and North Carolina, USA. Introduced into the upper Holston River system in Virginia, and Big Sandy River system in Kentucky.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Chrosomus oreas can be distinguished by the possession of the following characters: black stripe along side broken under dorsal fin; large black spots in row along back and along upper side; 64-81 scales on lateral line; pharyngeal 0,5-5,0; snout moderately pointed; mouth slightly subterminal; coloration consists of olive to green-gold above, silver white to red below, bright red below (including lower half of opercle), behind opercle, and at base of dorsal fin in large males, bright silver pectoral and pelvic fin bases, black chin and breast, and yellow fins (Ref. 86798).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky pools and runs of headwaters, creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 86798).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00306 - 0.01241), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .