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Exoglossum maxillingua  (Lesueur, 1817)

Cutlips minnow
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Exoglossum maxillingua   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Exoglossum: Greek, exos = outside + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate, preferred ?; 47°N - 37°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Atlantic Slope from St. Lawrence River drainage in Quebec, Canada to upper Roanoke River in North Carolina, USA (absent in most of New England; present in Connecticut River, Vermont based on single record); Lake Ontario drainage in Ontario, Canada and New York, USA. Also present in upper New River drainage in West Virginia and Virginia, USA where may be based on introduction.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 10.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Exoglossum maxillingua resembles tonguetied minnow, E. laurae, but can be distinguished by the presence of much larger fleshy lobe on each side of lower jaw, well separated from central bony plate and followed by another fleshy lobe on underside of head, and by absence of barbel near corner of mouth (Ref. 86798).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky pools and runs of creeks and small to medium rivers. Usually found in quiet water near boulders. Males construct large circular or rectangular nests by piling pebbles carried in the mouth (Ref. 5723, 86798). Feeds on insects and mollusks (Ref. 54729).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .